America urges Tribal People to Strengthen the Tribal Justice System

America under the governing of President Obama has in recent years strongly urged tribal people to enforce better laws and assisted to ensure the safety and wellbeing of the Tribal people. Tribal justice systems received over 245 million for the improvement of their justice systems. The law enforcement of tribes must be strengthened to ensure the safety of especially women and children.
The Umatilla tribes under Tribal law and Order Act, uses Native American courts for the trails of their people and do not rely on federal courts and authorities. In a census done by government it is found that sixty present of all tribes has a judicial system and they use their own system as well as incorporating more traditional practices to try and to punish cases.
Justice in the Native American reservations differs completely from the rest as many communities do not require trained lawyers and judges. Defendants in some tribes are not provided with legal counsel and they incorporate traditional law. In many cases an offender will not receive punishment as the tribal council will focus on reconciliation of two parties’ instead of punishment. This is why there is an outcry from women’s rights organizations as perpetrators against women do not always receive due punishment.
The federal government stepped in and overshadow tribal rule and determined that major crimes fall under federal jurisdiction even if they are committed on a reservation. Tribal people can enforce Tribal justice within their tribe for the prosecution of misdemeanors only and jailing for up to one year. Unfortunately federal authorities often decline cases from Indian County, which was referred to them for prosecution, even with violent crime more than twice the amount in Indian county than national rate.
Later in 2010 a new Tribal Law and Order act was passed by Congress, allowing a tribe the ability to take felony cases and three year sentences can be handed down. Tribal jails, according to reports are overcrowded and understaffed, thus a pilot program to jail tribal people in federal or county jails is conjunction with Bureau of Prisons.

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